Most labels have the following information:
1. Name of winery
2. Appellation – Name of the wine growing region.
3. Name of the vineyard(s)
4. Varietal name – If there is no varietal name, the wine is probably a blend (cuvee).
To be able to call a US wine by the vine grape variety, it must contain at least 75% of wine from that grape. Traditional wines from France, Italy, and Spain, use the place of origin instead of
5. Vintage – The year the grapes were grown. If there is no vintage, it is probably a mixture of wines made in different years.
Labeling laws and requirements will vary between countries.
Some labels have other technical data such as percentage of varietals if it is a blend, residual sugar, percentage alcohol, etc.
“Vieilles vignes”, “Vintner’s Reserve,” “Estate Reserve” or “Select”, etc. – Terms like these have no set (or legal) meaning, although within certain wineries these terms may have specific meaning.
Wine making information
* In the USA, “Cellared and Bottled By” means that the winery bought the wine and bottled it.
* “Made and Bottled By” means that the winery made at least 10% of the wine.
* “Produced and Bottled By” means that the winery made at least 75% of the wine.
* “Estate Bottled” means that the winery not only made 100% of the wine but also grew the grapes on land owned by the winery.
* Contains sulfites.